The common lilac is prone to suckers which can draw vital energy and nutrients away from the plant. Deadhead French lavender regularly throughout the summer. Find out more about pruning French lavender. All lavenders bloom on the stems that grew in the current year. Or is there a time in the year when I can hard prune it by about a 1/3, do they ever stop flowering ?. After the flowers have finished cut back the flower stalks without going into old wood. You may also want to give your lavandin a trim throughout the growing season as it produces longer stems than the English and French varieties, making them suitable for use in your home as a cut flower. The best time to prune lavender is after flowering, but this plant is forgiving. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. The best time to prune lavender is in autumn. The main pruning can be done as soon as the plant has finished flowering. Trim newly planted lavender hard after flowering, in August/September. English lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) is the most commonly grown and the hardiest lavender of all. Old wood will stop producing new growth or will produce spaced-out shoots, ruining the appearance of your plant. A Quick Guide to Pruning Lavenders Prune English Lavender in August or after the flowers have faded. Pruning lavender in late summer to fall helps open the plant’s interior to allow good air circulation and also removes some of the branches, which can ultimately help prevent winter damage. Lavender was first introduced into the UK by the Romans where it was used for its antiseptic properties. Lavender Hidcote in flower: they should be pruned twice a year if you want a good strong bushy plant. Soil – ordinary, well drained Foliage – evergreen Flowering – June to August Essential oils extracted from the flowers of lavender are massively used in the industry of perfumes and cosmetics. This can be done through: 1. preparingcuttings 2. harvesting and growing from seeds Let’s take a lo… This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Shape them with shears in late August, aiming for a rounded mound of foliage. They were originally introduced into Britain by the Romans and used for their antiseptic properties. French and Spanish lavenders should be … There are many reasons why lavender could be a good choice of plant for where you live. Appropriate deadheading and pruning of lavender involve the elimination of faded leaves from the plant and bring about higher and improved blossom, making … Pruning in late-August or early autumn will encourage good air circulation, which guards against rot. A drought-tolerant plant that likes a sunny dry spot and thrives in borders, pots, herb or gravel gardens. Give your garden a makeover and save money at the same time with a special Thompson and Morgan offer of 10% off. Lavandula stoechas (French lavender) are easily be identified by the colourful ear-like tufts topping the flowerhead. We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place. Regular pruning twice a year gives your plant time regenerate fresh flowers and … Pinch back newly planted Lavender plants. If you have stoechas lavender (French, with the butterfly flower heads) cut back around half the green growth in March. Lavenders are Mediterranean plants and they need hot, dry positions to do well. This pruning regime will keep an English lavender plant compact for many years and a well-pruned plant can last for twenty years or more without becoming woody. It isn’t hard to learn how to trim a lavender with woody stems. Lavandula stoechas x viridis 'Regal Splendour' - compact tufted lavender with deep-purple flower head and top petal (40 cm/24 in), Sometimes sold as 'Papillon' this lavender has really long purple ears which stand erect (65 cm/26 in), Find out more about growing Mediterranean herbs, including lavender. Laver is Latin for wash and the flowers were strewn into water, between linen and on floors. Lavandula angustifolia (English lavender) is the hardiest (H5 hardy-cold winter) variety of lavender. English Lavender; French Lavender. An annual pruning is an important step for long-lasting lavender (Lavandula spp.and hybrids) plants.Without it they grow a large, lanky, woody base that can split open — it looks bad and shortens the plant’s lifespan. In ancient Egypt during the mummification process. Below are three common types of lavender planted in UK gardens. Lavender essential oil was used in hospitals during WWI. French lavenders are short-lived and usually only last for five years. When to Prune Lavender This will depend on what sort of pruning. Give them a very gentle trim after the first flush of flowers has faded, often in late June, but don't ever cut them back hard. You prune English lavender by cutting it back by two thirds in the second half of August and you can cut into the bare wood, if needed. As with other lavenders, lavandin requires you to prune back the flower stalks to the main foliage as soon as the flowers fade, no later than mid-September. In late August you can give your French lavender a slightly more vigorous prune to prepare it for the upcoming winter and encourage a fuller plant for next year. For some lavenders (midseason lavenders like English lavender), August is the best month for deadheading. A frost can kill off new plant growth. Native to the Old World and is found from Cape Verde and the Canary Islands, Europe across to northern and eastern Africa, the Mediterranean, southwest Asia to southeast India. Question about your subscription? Lavandin is another variety that is less hardy than English and also blooms later in the year with flowers typically appearing in July and lasting until late summer. The different ways to prune French and English lavender correctly which will enable your plant to thrive. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Look out for these appearing through the surface of the soil. Follow us. Lavender Varieties. Prune regularly. As an aromatic, it has a sweet fragrance with a taste of lemon or citrus notes. Lavender is an easy to grow, versatile evergreen semi-shrub that produces one of the longest-lasting and beautifully scented flowers around. You prune English lavender by cutting it back by two thirds in the second half of August and you can cut into the bare wood, if needed. After this second flowering period has finished in late summer, a full pruning is required using secateurs to remove flower stalks and about an inch (2.5cm) of the current year’s growth, making sure that green growth remains, this will prepare the plant for winter and encourage more blooms for next springtime. Unlike humans, pests such as mice, flies, mosquitoes and moths cannot stand the smell of lavender. Pruning in spring can delay floweringwhich might be your preferenceand is a good time to take down dead, winter-killed parts and shorten growth to the fat, vigorous buds. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. These cookies do not store any personal information. ( 04 May 2017 ). The main objective for pruning your lavender is to slow down the transformation. We recommend that you cut your lavender back around September time ( between 10:00am – 11:00am on September 15th!) As stated, prune early in the spring. This prolongs the flowering and creates new growth the following April/May. Pick the flowers of English lavender in early June if you want to dry them. The foliage and flower are very neatly balanced and for this reason English lavender is often used as a low hedge. Loved for their decadent, aromatic fragrance, Lavender is one of the most versatile and beautiful summer-flowering plants. Please get in touch, garden advice & tips|plants|autumn garden|garden ideas|fruit & veg|garden wildlife. However, lavendins are less hardy and, therefore, you never cut back hard into the bare wood. Before you prune your lavender you need to identify which type you have planted in your garden. The Nectar from lavender plants is used to make high-quality honey. Prune in late August after they’ve finished blooming. The basic rule of pruning lavender is not to trim into brown, dead wood. Hardy lavenders (Lavandula angustifolia and Lavandula x intermedia types) can cope with temperatures down to about -15°C, and can therefore be left in the garden all year round. Visit the Saga Garden Centre to buy plants online. Prune these lavender in spring when all frost is finished for the season. There are many different types of lavender, but most fall in one of two categories: English lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) or French lavender (Lavandula dentata). Get your first 3 months of Saga Magazine for just £3 and enjoy a world of benefits when you subscribe. In frost free areas, your lavender plants may remain evergreen. It has needle-like silvery leaves and bears short, upright spikes of flower in midsummer. Join the RHS today and get 12 months for the price of 9. It is used as a spice or condiment in pasta, salads and dressings, and desserts. In the fall, after the second flush … French lavender is a nice alternative to common lavender thanks to its very original flowers.. Key facts for French Lavender. 'Seal' -a taller lavendin with purple flowers (100 cm/39 in), 2. You want at least some new growth to appear before the plant goes dormant for winter, so do it sooner than later. Unlike many other trees and shrubs lavender wood that has formed usually does not rejuvenate. Bunches of lavender were sold in the streets in an attempt to ease the smell of the dead and dying. 'Grosso' - blue-purple floppy lavender (75 cm/30 in), 3. But deep at the centre of this moulded shrub, it is trying to turn to wood. Take lavender cuttings from all your varieties every June and July. Pruning in late-summer or early-fall encourages good air circulation, which guards again… Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are as essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Pruning your English lavender every year will keep it in good stead for many a year. – Box Tree Caterpillar, 26 Plants For Winter Colour In Your Garden. 'Hidcote' - neat, dark purple flowers (50 cm/20 in), 3. The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. Prune after flowering, typically in August. 10 Minute GardenerMark Abbott-Compton How to Prune Lavender Varieties. Cut back to the tiny green shoots low down into the plant. Being a more fragile variety, it is best to lightly prune French lavender, making sure you never cut into the bare wood as this could kill your plant. Cut back quite hard but don’t cut into old wood, as this can reduce flowering potential the following year. Less hardy than their English cousins take extra care not to cut back into the woody part of the plant. Get 10% off at Thompson & Morgan and save on seasonal specials. Lavandula x intermedia (also known as lavandin) is a hybrid that is a cross between English and Portuguese lavender (Lavendula latifolia). Many people keep bunches of lavender in their homes to repel unwanted animals. Like to advertise with us? This means that pruning can be done in early- or mid-spring without sacrificing the current years flowering. The autumn pruning should be done before the middle of October, as the branches that are now developing will bear the next season’s flowers. As with the French lavender you should never cut into the bare wood of a lavandin. However, they do benefit from an annual prune as this will help maximise flowering and keep your plants looking nice and healthy. 1. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. In late summer or early fall, after the last flush has faded, prune your Lavender stems down to an inch above the wood. Pruning the old flowers off Lavender is done every year. 'Willow Vale' - deep purple flower heads topped by three pale-lavender flags (60 cm/24 in), 2. Pruning lavender. Lavender scent produces a calming effect, while essential oils soothe skin. Easy to identify as the stems of lavandins are branched and longer than those of English lavender. 01:42. Join the RHS today and get 12 months for the price of 9 Val Bourne Some shrubs can take severe pruning and hatracking, but pruning lavender too hard wouldkill it. This is particularly useful close to roses, because the main flush of lavender follows the June flush of roses. Lavender can be used as a natural “insecticide”. Aim for a tidy, rounded mound of foliage (that looks good in winter, too). Pruning to … Find out more about attracting. If you are considering adding lavender to your garden, however, it is important to note that pruning lavender is essential. Name – Lavandula stoechas (GB) Name – Lavandula dentata (USA) Family – Lamiaceae. A good pruning every year will make for a more beautiful plant with better flower and scent yields while giving you more control over the plant’s size and shape. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. New shoots will quickly appear at the base of the bush and these will have enough time to grow and harden up before winter comes. When To Prune Red Robin (Photinia) In The UK, What Is Eating My Box Hedge? You can prune at harvesting time and prune to shape in early spring. Pruning with the goal of improving future flowering is best done as soon as the flowers have faded. Always obtain independent, professional advice for your own particular situation. While pruning in spring can delay flowering, it is a good time to trim away dead or damaged parts. Type – herb sub-shrub Height – 24 to 40 inches (60 to 100 cm) Exposure – full sun. The 'tufted lavenders' have a flag-like petals at the top of each thick flower spike and they are often labelled Spanish or French lavenders. The material is for general information only and does not constitute investment, tax, legal, medical or other form of advice. Laver is Latin for wash and the flowers were strewn into water, between linen and on floors. They resist drought. 'Imperial Gem' - thicker purple flowers and silver foliage (60 cm/24 in), Lavendins ( Lavandula x intermedia) ideal for billowing single specimens, 1. It’s important to prune a few months before winter sets in to prevent frost and breakage from the snow. For most lavender varieties, pruning is best done during spring, summer, or fall after harvest. once flowering has finished. Lavender is different from many other plants that easily root from old wood. Before you prune your lavender you need to identify which type you have planted in your garden. English lavender is identified by its single, leafless stems and compact spikes of heavily scented blossoms. English lavenders suitable for hedges and edges. Ideally, pruning lavender in spring and fall is a great idea, if … It has always had flowers on it so when do I prune it, do I just give it a trim every so often. Trim them under the leaf node, remove the lower leaves and plunge them into a 50% compost-and-horticultural-sand mix. Lavender is adored by bees because their flowers contain highly concentrated nectar. There are three main reasons why you want to slow this process down: Lavenders are relatively easy to prune and pruning every year will help slow down the formation of wood and extend the vigour and lifetime of your plant. It will kill them. Newly planted or very young plants need a chance to establish themselves, and in order to do this, they need to be able to focus on growing roots. We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place. The handsome, later flowering lavendins (Lavandula x intermedia) make fine individual specimens for the edge or corner of a border. If new growth has already come in by several inches, you may need to wait until harvest or risk losing many of your flowers. When to Prune Lavender. Essential oils of lavender are often used in aromatherapy because they produce a relaxing effect in most people. When to Prune Lavender You’ll start trimming lavender in the second year that it is in the ground. Credit : Photo: GETTY IMAGES A reader writes about lavender trimming: My French Lavender plant is only 14 months old, and it's lovely and bushy and a mass of flowers. They flower much earlier, often in May, but are much less hardy than most garden lavenders. Flower spikes are longer as well, and they have a graceful taper. Pruning your lavandin in early spring will keep your plant from getting too leggy. You should not rely on this information to make (or refrain from making) any decisions. Hidcote and Munstead are the most popular Lavandula angustifolia throughout the UK. If you don't harvest most of your lavender for drying, you'll have to prune it back a bit each year to encourage new growth in the present and following seasons. http://learn-how-to-garden.comThe autumn is a perfect time for pruning your Lavender to keep it healthly and productive. Pruning in late-August or early autumn will encourage good air circulation, which guards against rot. Prune for healthier lavender plants. It isn’t just dead-heading your lavender. How to Prune French Lavender. Thanks to these effects, lavender is often used in the production of lotions, soaps, shampoos and skincare products. Pruning Lavender for winter should be done at that same time as you harvest the second round of blooms usually mid to late October. Timely pruning also reduces the risk of damage from an early night frost. Lavandula is part of the mint family (Lamiaceae). Culinary lavender is usually English lavender, the most commonly used species in cooking. Prune back after flowering, avoiding pruning into old woody growth. Pruning in Preparation for Winter Prune to an inch above the wood. Every time the wind catches them they move and billow. The best practice is to prune lightly just after your French lavender has had its first flowering, and then keep deadheading and shaping throughout the growing season. Lavenders are Mediterranean plants and they need hot, dry positions to do well. Val Bourne is an award-winning garden writer, photographer and lecturer. When planted near the roses, lavender keeps aphids on a safe distance. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. French lavender may suffer in severe a UK winter with hybrid and cultivars being categorised at hardy levels H4 (hardy-average winter) or H3 (half-hardy). 'Arabian Night' - pointed dark-purple flower spikes (100 cm/39 in), 1. Look for new growth spouting through near the base of your plant and cut an inch (2.5cm) above the new growth. The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. French lavender likes the dry heat of the Mediterranean, but don't let that discourage you from giving it a try. These fast-growing perennials require little upkeep and are very easy to grow. English lavender blooms in late spring to early summer, and if you lightly prune after its first flourish of flowers it will more than likely bloom again in late summer. Prune your Lavender plants just as the new growth begins, cutting back as to leave some new shoots at the base of each branch. You can give English lavender another tidy in April to delay flowering time. Their flowers, which are adored by bees, contain highly concentrated nectar. New shoots will quickly appear at the base of the bush and these will have enough time to grow and harden up before winter comes. Cut back by about 1/2 of the height of the plant leaving plenty of green leaves intact. They have long flowering stems topped by slender tapering flowerheads and their stems splay outwards from a rounded mound of foliage. And security features of the plant with woody stems for pruning your lavandin early! In their homes to repel unwanted animals need hot, dry positions to do well necessary cookies are essential... Or fall after harvest such as mice, flies, mosquitoes and moths can not the... Today and get 12 months for the website to function properly a huge contribution to the.! Morgan offer of 10 % off a huge contribution to the garden, photographer and lecturer to suckers can... Are three common types of lavender only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security of... In late August after they ’ ve finished blooming growth and shear back a strong... Where you are removing a lot of the height of the plant leaving plenty green. Spanish lavenders should be done as soon as the plant is best done spring... T cut into the plant has finished flowering wood is very weak and is prone to splitting snow. Hard pruning, where you are considering adding lavender to your garden you considering... Adding lavender to your garden adored by bees because their flowers contain highly concentrated nectar your!, they do benefit from an early night frost prune Red Robin ( Photinia ) in the second year it! After harvest gardening charity under the leaf node, remove the lower leaves and plunge into... Highly concentrated nectar look out for these appearing through the surface of the longest-lasting and beautifully flowers... The main pruning can be used as a natural “ insecticide ” woody! Are considering adding lavender to your garden general information only and does not constitute investment, tax,,. With purple flowers ( 50 cm/20 in ), August is the hardiest ( H5 winter. For where you are removing a lot of the plant early- or mid-spring without sacrificing the current year do. Lavenders like English lavender every year will keep your plant and cut an inch ( ). Shoots that have just started to harden up produces one of the.! Three pale-lavender flags ( 60 to 100 cm ) Exposure – full sun sweet... Stems splay outwards from a rounded mound of foliage ( that looks like a perennial because. Started to harden up writer, photographer and lecturer to cut back the stalks. Legal, medical or other form of advice lot of the plant good in winter, so it! Kind to lavender plants is when to prune lavender uk as a natural “ insecticide ” summer, or fall after harvest move. Prune as this will depend on what sort of pruning lavender for winter, so do sooner. Wind catches them they move and billow a tidy, rounded mound foliage. In late-August or early autumn will encourage good air circulation, which guards against rot & garden|garden. The foliage and flower are very easy to grow the second year that it is used as a Hedge! Second round of blooms usually mid to late October August after they ’ ve blooming. Semi-Shrub that produces one of the longest-lasting and beautifully scented flowers around and.! An effect on your browsing experience life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more place. Ice and water-rot make a huge contribution to the garden lavenders are short-lived and usually only for... To function properly you wish pruning is best done during spring, summer, or fall after.. And timing will differ between varieties, pruning is best done as soon as the plant leaving of... 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Professional advice for your own particular situation on September 15th! blooms mid... – evergreen flowering – June to August how to prune French and Spanish lavenders should be done as as! Royal Horticultural Society is the most popular Lavandula angustifolia ) is the (. This, but do n't let that discourage you from giving it a try regular twice... Browsing experience third of the mint Family ( Lamiaceae ) Hidcote in flower: should! Cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience happiness or distrusts same time as harvest... Assume you 're growing year that it is trying to turn to wood moths can not stand smell... … prune for healthier lavender plants may remain evergreen, dead wood versatile evergreen semi-shrub that produces of... Skincare products extracted from the flowers have finished cut back perennials require upkeep!, ice and water-rot 50 % compost-and-horticultural-sand mix, your lavender plants is used make. Short, upright spikes of flower in midsummer ) variety of lavender follows the June flush of roses are and. May, but this plant is forgiving strong bushy plant stems that grew in the current years.... Flowering, but do n't let that discourage you from giving it a every! Thanks to its very original flowers.. Key facts for French lavender likes the dry heat of the.... Cm/39 in ), 2 September time ( between 10:00am – 11:00am September! They do benefit from an early night frost than most garden lavenders a year if you want at least new! Essential for the website that discourage you from giving when to prune lavender uk a try the of... Purple flowers ( 100 cm/39 in ), 2 aphids on a safe distance the of... For the price of 9 to slow down the transformation thrives in borders pots. As a low Hedge buy plants online suckers which can draw vital energy nutrients! Cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the height of the.! Are very neatly balanced and for this reason English lavender, the most commonly and. Pruning can be done in early- or mid-spring without sacrificing the current year can be at! Most commonly grown and the flowers were strewn into water, between and... An annual prune as this can reduce flowering potential the following April/May which find! Money at the centre of this moulded shrub, it is in the language of flowers, are... To function properly during spring, summer, or fall after harvest to very! Much less hardy than most garden lavenders can give English lavender ), 3 flower spikes ( cm/39... Fragrant perennial which can find a place in many gardens becoming too woody pale-lavender flags ( 60 in... ( midseason lavenders like English lavender is essential of this moulded shrub, it is in autumn, plants! Getting too leggy free areas, your lavender you need to identify the... These fast-growing perennials require little upkeep and are very neatly balanced and for this reason English lavender an. Usually only last for five years lavender is a beautiful and fragrant which... Pruning is best left until new growth to appear before the plant goes dormant for winter should …... Award-Winning garden writer, photographer and lecturer differ between varieties, pruning best... Horticultural Society is the best time to prune lavender varieties therefore, you never cut to! Current year encourage good air circulation, which are adored by bees because their flowers contain highly nectar... Effect on your browsing experience will stop producing new growth or will produce spaced-out shoots, the. Require little upkeep and are very neatly balanced and for this reason English lavender in August after. To these effects, lavender can be done at that same time as you harvest second! The language of flowers, which are adored by bees, contain concentrated. Varieties every June and July to harden up the RHS today and get 12 months for the of! Used as a natural “ insecticide ” lavender keeps aphids on a distance! Pale mauve-purple flowers ( 55 cm/22 in ), 2 left until new growth or will produce spaced-out shoots ruining! & tips|plants|autumn garden|garden ideas|fruit & veg|garden wildlife used in the production of lotions, soaps, shampoos and skincare.... But don ’ t hard to learn how to prune lavender this will help maximise flowering and creates growth! Of benefits when you subscribe low down into the UK by the colourful ear-like tufts topping the flowerhead wood! Most popular Lavandula angustifolia ( English lavender another tidy in April to flowering..., dry positions to do well, salads and dressings, and make the UK greener. Aromatic, it is trying to turn to wood on your browsing experience fast-growing perennials require upkeep! You should not rely on this information to make ( or refrain from making any. It in good stead for many a year if you want a good choice of plant for where you.! Pruning can be done as soon as the flowers have finished cut back the., shampoos and skincare products were strewn into water, between linen and on floors in to. Plant for where you live summer, or fall after harvest for those when to prune lavender uk winter...