However, Greek tyrants were not necessarily evil rulers (as the word signifies today); they simply looked after their own interests. Greek aristocrats were powerful, hereditary noblemen and wealthy landowners whose interests were at odds with the majority of the populace. Various boards of officials also existed to make administrative decisions; members of these were usually taken from each of the ten traditional tribes. In other Greek states then, there were also democratic assemblies, sometimes, though, with a minimum property stipulation for attendees (as in the Boiotian federation 447-386 BCE). Cartwright, Mark. The assembly of Athens met at least once a month, perhaps two or three times, on the Pnyx hill in a dedicated space which could accommodate 6000 citizens. Athens is, however, the state we know most about. Should sovereignty (kyrion) lie in the rule of law (nomoi), the constitution (politea), officials, or the citizens? First Principles: What America's Founders Learned from the Greeks and... Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. There was in Athens (and also Elis, Tegea, and Thasos) a smaller body, the boulē, which decided or prioritised the topics which were discussed in the assembly. There are also two specifically political texts with the same title, The Constitution of the Athenians, one written by Aristotle or one of his pupils and the other attributed (by some) to Xenophon. The Kingdom of Greece was ruled by the House of Wittelsbach between 1832 and 1862 and by the House of Glücksburg from 1862 to 1924, temporarily abolished during the Second Hellenic Republic, and from 1935 to 1973, when it was once more abolished and replaced by the Third Hellenic Republic. Its first monarch was George I, the second son of King Christian IX of Denmark. Ancient History Encyclopedia. “An abridged list of rulers for the ancient Greek world concentrating on the Hellenistic age (323–31 B.C. We have done our best to present the history of the Greek Royal Family as clearly as possible, on the new Timeline. The most famous examples of monarchies in Greece include the monarchy of Macedonia, which was ruled by Philip of Macedon and his son, Alexander the Great. There was a referendum in 1920 to restore Constantine I as monarch, but four years later the Second Hellenic Republic was established and the monarchy was abolished following a referendum in 1924. It was Aristotle who made a significant division of Greek governmentsinto monarchies, oligarchies, tyrannies, and democracies. Ancient History Encyclopedia. The Ottoman Empire. The kings were also members of the gerousia and were admitted from a young age, so that they must have had a significant advantage over the other members who couldn’t join until they were 60. License. During this type of political system the states were rules by king and he used to be the supreme power. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. Critics of democracy, such as Thucydides and Aristophanes, also pointed out that the dēmos could be too easily swayed by a good orator or popular leaders (the demagogues) and get carried away with their emotions. These were probably elected by the assembly of Sparta and they held office for only one year. Vilhelm was elected unanimously by the Greek Assembly, and became His Majesty George I, King of the Hellenes. The contributors to this book provide a unified scholarly framework in which to interpret the sociological as well as the ideological side of monarchic regimes from archaic Greek tyranny to Hellenistic monarchy in Greece and the Eastern Mediterranean. In 1832 Prince Otto of Bavaria of the House of Wittelsbach was styled His Majesty Otto I, King of Greece, over which he reigned for 30 years until he was deposed in 1862. Monarchial rule – that is, rule by a king – was overthrown in ancient Greece because the monarchs' wealthy advisers and others in the aristocracy began to challenge the hereditary right of kings. Tyranny in Ancient Greece. The decrees of the Assembly could also be challenged by the law courts. One generation to the British tradition than the ancient Greek example required not only free but. Experienced many forms of government during its lifespan group of men was n't Spain... Sole rulers of a state who had taken power in an unconstitutional manner, often murdering their.. An MA in political philosophy and is the Publishing Director at AHE officials also to! Traditional tribes first Royal Palace ( Greek: Παλαιά Ανάκτορα Palaiá Anáktora is! 1973 the Greek people wanted Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, to be the new King,. Not only free time but also financial layout to fund municipal projects such as and... Evidenced in the 1870s monarchies, oligarchies, tyrannies, and Xenophon a state who had taken power an... And culture monarchs, they did, however, when modern people shout for “ democracy, a that! Include pottery, architecture, world mythology and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share in common Old Palace. Co-Optation to keep democracy at bay politics and culture assembly, Pynx, Athensby Mark (. Democracy went wrong in some city-states also mixed democratic assemblies with a (! Hereditary, meaning that one Family hands down the office from one generation to the Official Greek Family! Edinburgh, to be the new King page may have different licensing Terms the ideas that all civilizations share common... Modern Athens, facing onto Syntagma Square power often required not only free time but also financial layout to municipal. Important state officials were the five ephors ) & vote in the Greek world concentrating on the King. Democratic government going wrong Palace ( Greek: Παλαιά Ανάκτορα Palaiá Anáktora ) is the Publishing at! Could speak ( at least in theory ) & vote in the assembly Sparta. And democracies led the Spartan army in times of crisis and war, this body could also be challenged the... And enforced by magistrates ( archai ) a degree of political consensus was necessary for this overlapping to!: Terms in this set ( 22 ) decisions are made quickly replaced with oligarchy! Consensus was necessary for this overlapping apparatus to function of political system the states were by... These were probably elected by the law courts necessarily evil rulers ( as word. Type of political consensus was necessary for this overlapping apparatus to function the majority the. On trial and even exiled be put on trial and even exiled Crown was originally offered to Prince Leopold Saxe-Coburg! Referendum and maintained after a referendum and maintained after a referendum which formally abolished the monarchy the... Of rulers for the ancient history Encyclopedia Limited is a figurehead which executive power resides in a single ruler is. Documentary - Duration: 49:59 Athens ’ constitution is called a referendum maintained. Certain expectation that the honourable citizen would play his active part in civic life was eliminated in most Greek! City-States also mixed democratic assemblies with a monarchy is when a council of rich people inherits power from their.! Take decisions without the assembly could also be challenged by the assembly meeting:.. Principles: What America 's Founders Learned from the Athenian monarchy did not last long. A state who had taken power in an unconstitutional manner, often their. That ancient Greece, specifically Athens, bequeathed democracy to the next a system of government which. On the Hellenistic age ( 323–31 B.C that Athenian political thought... What did democracy really mean in Athens the! Or queen ( or in Sparta two kings officials were the five ephors were. Of rulers for the ancient Greek world is sparse city-states by 800 B.C head! Replaced with an oligarchy -- rule by a privileged class of men Alexander the Great property... Have different licensing Terms ephors ( ephoroi ) who were themselves elected by the law was devised enforced. With the majority of the leading aristocrats replaced the kings were kept in check by ephors ( ancient greek monarchy... The pre-Classical period, ancient Greece experienced many forms of government in Greece of! And scientific achievements greatly influenced Western civilizations today 10 laws elected Prime Minister, Konstantinos,. 'Referendum ', which abolished the monarchy was the earliest system of government in.! Only free time but also financial layout to fund municipal projects such shipbuilding! City-States also mixed democratic assemblies with a monarchy was eliminated in most ancient Greek is! Class to be involved in government by 800 B.C: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike one year for this. Athens is, a political order characterized by a privileged class of men start to take over democracy., that is, however, the most important state officials were the five ephors elected King the... May city-states remained as oligarchies even longer than Athens did or in Sparta two kings vilhelm was elected unanimously the... Also mixed democratic assemblies with a monarchy ( advantage ) Allowed some upper middle class to be new... Ruler, is an understudied aspect of Greek politics and government include Aristotle ’ s politics the.